Def: When were diamonds discovered in Liberia?
IS: Shortly after they were discovered in Sierra Leone. Exploitation began in 1950s.
Def: Mining was going on in Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea, South Africa, Angola?
Def: How would a country like The Gambia become a diamond exporter if they have no diamonds on their territory?
IS: If legally, they’d be imported then re-exported. If illegally, they’d be smuggled in and smuggled out.
Def: Why would a country sell diamonds if it doesn’t produce them?
IS: To obscure origin for various reasons.
Defense is asking about exports from Russians and Mauritius. Export can be legal or it can be illegal?
Def: Is it accurate that 20% of world’s exports are illicit?
IS: We estimated that before Kimberley Process, 20-25% of all exports were illicit. No longer the case.
Def: There’s long been diamond smuggling between SL and Liberia, pre-dating Charles Taylor?
Def: In Angola, UNITA was exporting vast amounts of diamonds during Angola’s civil war?
Def: These massive exports of diamonds are surely insured. I’m suggesting that Lloyd’s of London insured exports.
IS: I don’t know about that.
Def: The diamond trade in Europe was centered to a large extent on Antwerp, Belgium?
Def: Did Belgian law in the 1990s require certificates of origin?