International Justice Monitor

A project of the Open Society Justice Initiative

Trust Fund Unveils Reparations Plan for Katanga Victims

The International Criminal Court’s (ICC’s) Trust Fund for Victims (TFV) has published a plan for implementing reparation awards to 297 victims of crimes committed by former Congolese militia leader German Katanga. According to an order by ICC judges, each victim will receive an individual symbolic compensation of US$250, while housing and educational assistance, income-generating activities, and psychological rehabilitation will form the collective reparations.

In March 2014, Katanga was found guilty of being an accessory to war crimes and crimes against humanity stemming from a February 2003 attack on civilians in Bogoro, a village in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). In May of that year, he was sentenced to 12 years in jail. Last March, judges issued an order for reparations … Continue Reading

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Reactions from the Local Population to Collective Reparations in the Katanga Case

The below article is from our partner at Radio Canal Révélation, a radio station based in Bunia, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The article was produced as part of the radio station’s Interactive Radio for Justice and Peace Project, which promotes discussion on critical issues around justice in DRC. The views conveyed in this article are those of the people interviewed and do not necessarily represent the views of all the members of the community or those of the victims.  

Several dozen victims of crimes committed by Germain Katanga in the village of Bogoro, in Ituri Province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), are waiting impatiently for the reparations ordered by the International Criminal Court (ICC).

“We want to … Continue Reading

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Réactions de la population locale sur les réparations collectives dans l’affaire Katanga

Cet article a été préparé par notre partenaire Radio Canal Révélation, une station radio basée à Bunia, en République démocratique du Congo (RDC), dans le cadre d’un projet de radio interactive pour la justice et la paix qui favorise la mise en débat des questions touchant à la justice en RDC. Les vues de la population relayées dans cet article sont celles des personnes interviewées et ne représentent pas forcément les vues de tous les membres de la communauté ni celles des victimes.

Plusieurs dizaines de victimes des crimes commis par Germain Katanga dans la localité de Bogoro, dans la province de l’Ituri en République démocratique du Congo (RDC), attendent impatiemment la réparation ordonnée par la Cour pénale internationale (CPI).

« Nous voulons … Continue Reading

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Katanga, Victim’s Lawyers Appeal Reparations Order

Germain Katanga is appealing the reparations order issued by International Criminal Court (ICC) judges last March. While Ntaganda contests the level of financial compensation ordered by judges and his financial liability, victims’ lawyers are appealing for a larger number of victims to be offered reparations.

On March 24, 2017, judges ordered awards for reparations to 297 victims totaling US$ 1 million comprised of an individual symbolic compensation award of US$ 250 per victim and four collective awards in the form of housing assistance, education assistance, income-generating activities, and psychological rehabilitation. Judges also asked The Trust Fund for Victims to indicate whether it would complement the payment of the awards because Katanga was found indigent.

The Trust Fund for Victims (TFV) board subsequently decided … Continue Reading

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Les avocats des victimes font appel de l’ordonnance de réparation au procès Katanga

Germain Katanga fait appel de l’ordonnance de réparation délivrée par les juges de la Cour pénale internationale (CPI) en mars dernier. Tandis que M. Ntaganda conteste le niveau d’indemnisation ordonné par les juges et sa responsabilité financière, les avocats des victimes font appel pour qu’un plus grand nombre de victimes obtiennent des réparations.

Le 24 mars 2017, les juges avaient prononcé des ordonnances accordant réparation à 297 victimes pour un total d’un million de $US comprenant une indemnisation individuelle symbolique de 250 $US par victime et une indemnisation collective sous la forme d’aide au logement, d’aide à l’éducation, d’activités génératrices de revenus et d’appui psychologique. Les juges ont également demandé au Fonds au profit des victimes d’indiquer s’il pouvait compléter le paiement des indemnisations … Continue Reading

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ICC Issues Order for Reparations to Victims of Crimes Committed by Former Congolese Militia Leader

In a hearing this morning, International Criminal Court (ICC) judges read a decision awarding 297 victims of crimes committed by former Congolese militia leader Germain Katanga a symbolic compensation of USD 250 per victim. Victims were also awarded collective reparations in the form of support for housing, support for income-generating activities, education aid, and psychological support. In reaching their decision, judges took into account the needs of all victims and consultations undertaken with them and sought to ensure their safety, physical, and psychological well‑being and privacy.

This is significant because it is only the second time in the court’s history that an award for reparations has been ordered, and it is the first time that the court has awarded reparations to … Continue Reading

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La CPI a émis une ordonnance de réparation pour les victimes des crimes commis par l’ancien chef de milice congolais

À l’audience de ce matin, les juges de la Cour pénale internationale (CPI) ont lu une décision accordant à 297 victimes des crimes commis par l’ancien chef de milice congolais Germain Katanga une compensation symbolique de 250 USD par victime. Les victimes se sont vus également accorder des réparations collectives sous la forme d’aides au logement, d’aides pour les activités génératrices de revenus, d’aides à l’éducation ainsi que sous la forme d’un soutien psychologique. En prenant leur décision, les juges ont tenu compte des besoins de toutes les victimes et des consultations menées auprès d’elles tout en cherchant à garantir leur sécurité, leur bien-être physique et psychologique‑ainsi que leur vie privée.

Cet élément a son importance car il s’agit seulement de la seconde … Continue Reading

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National Prosecution of Katanga Can Proceed, Says ICC Presidency

On April 7, 2016, the Presidency of the International Criminal Court (ICC) issued a decision approving the Democratic Republic of Congo’s (DRC’s) request to prosecute Germain Katanga before the High Military Court in Kinshasa for war crimes and crimes against humanity. The Presidency concluded that the proposed domestic prosecution did not “undermine fundamental principles or procedures of the Rome Statute or otherwise affect the integrity of the Court.”

This decision is important because it is the first time the ICC has interpreted Article 108 of the Rome Statute. Article 108 requires a country that has custody of a sentenced person to seek approval from the court if it intends to prosecute that person for “any conduct engaged in prior to that … Continue Reading

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Germain Katanga Granted Early Release

On November 13, a panel of three appeals judges at the International Criminal Court (ICC) decided to reduce Germain Katanga’s sentence. He will be released from the ICC detention center on January 18, 2016.

In March 2014, Trial Chamber II of the ICC convicted Katanga for crimes against humanity and war crimes committed in Bogoro, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in 2003. He was sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment. Katanga decided not to appeal his judgment, accepting the ICC’s verdict and sentence. As of September 18, 2015, he had served two-thirds of his sentence, prompting a judicial review of his remaining term.

There are seven factors the judges had to consider under Article 110 of the Rome Statute and Rule 223 … Continue Reading

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Prosecution Does Not Oppose Katanga’s Release

On Oct. 6, a panel of three appeals chamber judges from the International Criminal Court (ICC) heard submissions on whether Germain Katanga should be released early from imprisonment.

Katanga is the former leader of an armed militia that became known as the Force de Résistance Patriotique en Ituri (FRPI, Patriotic Resistance Forces in Ituri). In March 2014, Katanga was convicted for aiding and abetting war crimes and crimes against humanity committed during a February 2003 attack on Bogoro in in the Ituri region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). He was sentenced to 12 years imprisonment in May 2014.

Although he was sentenced just over a year ago, Katanga has already served two-thirds of his sentence, having been in detention … Continue Reading

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