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Central African Probe Concluded That Patassé Had ‘Command Responsibility’

In his fourth day of testimony, the Prosecutor-General of the Central African Republic (CAR) stated that a judicial probe conducted under his direction concluded that former president Ange-Félix Patassé had overall command of armed forces in the country at the time of the 2002-2003 conflict. In effect, the probe gave former Congolese vice president Jean-Pierre Bemba subordinate responsibility over the soldiers that brutalized civilians.

Firmin Feindiro told the trial at the International Criminal Court (ICC) that his investigation, which commenced in August 2003 and lasted “several months,” heard from more than 300 victims and about the same number of witnesses to the atrocities mainly committed in the country’s capital Bangui.

Among the witnesses were Central African military authorities, who explained how orders were given during the campaign Mr. Patassé’s forces and allied groups including Mr. Bemba’s Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC) undertook against an armed rebellion that sought to overthrow Mr. Patassé.

Based on interviews with victims and witnesses, Mr. Feindiro reached conclusions about individuals he deemed culpable for the crimes. The dossier containing his conclusions, which is now part of the evidence at the ICC trial, was the focus of today’s defense questioning.

In the dossier, the Prosecutor-General stated that Mr. Patassé, as then Central African president, leader of the national armed forces, and chair of the High Council of the National Defense, was the hierarchical leader of the armed forces and the foreign mercenaries who fought on their side. The Prosecutor classified the MLC as one of these allied foreign mercenary forces.

Mr. Feindiro’s dossier also noted that in a speech delivered to Central Africans on November 29, 2002, Mr. Patassé stated that he had indeed called upon Mr. Bemba’s MLC troops to give his loyalist forces a hand in fighting off a coup attempt. According to excerpts read out in court by the defense and acknowledged by the witness, Mr. Patassé stated in that speech that he knew that crimes had been committed and that as a consequence, he was going to establish a commission to “assess all that.”

As such, according to the dossier, the Feindiro-led judicial investigation concluded that “while the fact that he [Bemba] sent his troops in at the request of Patassé – this fact is not being challenged [but] he has not been shown to be involved in their use on the field and it is therefore fitting to exclude him.”

Yesterday, Mr. Feindiro stated that no material or physical responsibility charges for the conduct of the MLC troops were brought before his country’s examining judge; only “intellectual responsibility” was considered. He said that it was for the intellectual responsibility of the alleged crimes that Mr. Bemba and other co-perpetrators were found by Central African prosecutors to be criminally responsible. However, even the attempt by his office to try Mr. Bemba with these charges failed.

Prosecutors of the ICC charge that Mr. Bemba as military commander had effective command over the MLC forces as they allegedly raped, murdered, and plundered civilians of the CAR. The prosecutors claim that he knew that MLC forces were committing or about to commit crimes but he failed to take “all necessary and reasonable measures to prevent or stop crimes” being committed by MLC forces.

Mr.Bemba has denied all the charges against him, arguing that once the MLC fighters crossed the border from the Democratic Republic of Congo into the CAR, they were under the command of Mr. Patassé, and that it is him who should be in the dock at the ICC.

Mr. Feindiro’s probe concluded that once the MLC were in Bangui, they were under the orders of Mr. Patassé through the direct command of Ferdinand Bombayake. The United Presidential Security (USP) led by General Bombayake was the only one of the Central African armed forces found by the country’s judicial probe to have worked with the MLC. This was because Mr. Patassé entirely trusted Bombayake but had no trust in the Forces Armées Centrafricain (FACA), the country’s regular army, which he suspected of being part of the coup attempt against him.

The CAR Prosecutor-General’s report stated that Mr. Patassé coordinated the military operations against the insurgents. “When an offensive or counter-offensive was organized, it was the president that organized it…This has been borne out by General Bombayake who maintained that it was Patassé who decided on everything and that he [Bombayake] would only implement the instructions receive,” it said.

The defense today also read out excerpts from Mr. Feindiro’s statement to ICC prosecution investigators in which he claimed the MLC received payment from the Central African treasury. He is reported as saying that the payment was authorized by Mr. Patassé and his Prime Minister Martin Ziguélé.

The defense continues its cross-examination of Mr. Feindiro when the trial resumes on Monday next week.


  1. Moreno is a very bad porsecutor, He can read the report of FIDH report concerning the responsabilities of the President of Ange Felix Patassé.
    the report n° 355 Février 2003 of FIDH in French http://www.fidh.org/Crimes-de-Guerre-en-Republique-Centrafricaine

    Dans le rapport de FIDH sur la page 32:

    Patassé est, selon l’article 21 de la Constitution de la RCA, le
    Chef suprême des Armées. Il réunit et préside le Conseil supérieur de la Défense Nationale. Comme tel, il est le supérieur hiérarchique des forces armées sous son contrôle, tant des forces armées régulières que des mercenaires venus de par sa volonté combattre à ses côtés contre les rebelles. Il est donc de jure et de facto le supérieur hiérarchique de Miskine, chef de l’USP, branche légale des FACA, et celui des hommes de Jean-Pierre Bemba. ”

    sur la page 33 du rapport de FIDH :
    “Ainsi, selon l’article 28 du Statut de la CPI, Ange-Felix Patasse doit être tenu Pénalement individuellement responsable, en tant que supérieur hiérarchique, pour les crimes de guerre commis par les hommes de Miskine et de Jean-Pierre Bemba,
    ses subordonnés”

    en bas de la page 35 du rapport de FIDH, on trouve la mention ci-dessous:

  2. The ICC seems to have a hidden agenda in this trial. We will wait and see how it will deal with the RCA Prosecutor General’s account of facts as recorded in the heat of events.
    Moreno knew the truth from the beginning but he is the teacher’s pet and had to waste people’s time and money. Why did he not arrest Patasse in the first place is a mystery. He should resign at the end of this case, Africa does not need him.

  3. What if Mourinho Ocampo knew wjat the conclusions of da probe of the officials in Central Africa were? Is his intention really to establish the truth or to be seen to be winning the cases he pursues, regardless of how he pursues them?


  4. The credibility of the ICC is now openly in question. This is something that everyone knew from the beginning. It’s not too late for the ICC to salvage its honor. Their pursuit of Mr. Jean-Pierre Bemba has exposed how corrupt this system really is.

    We are waiting to see what happens as these things are now said publicly in the ICC court. At the least, this case MUST BE REJECTED and Mr. Bemba set free while investigations are conducted. Did Mr. Ocampo receive any money from someone to influcence his decisions and actions? Was he and is he receiving instructions from some powers in order to achieve a goal that has nothing to do with justice at all?

    We need answers to these questions in order for our faith in this system to be maintained. Africa has always had a lot of hope placed on International Instutitions because of our desperation with our local political leaders. We have always hoped that an institution like the ICC would be a place where we would find true justice. And now those hopes are being thrown out the window. Unless the ICC decides to salvage whatever is left of its honor.


    1. Paix et Joie makes a point which seems to show that African states are caught between a rock and a hard place, with leaders who kill and oppress their people on the one hand and ac ourt (ICC) that seems biased against Africans.

      In the spirit of fairness Bemba should be set free as his trial goes on. Why not release him who is facing flimsy charges? Isn’t the ICC having cases for people like Kenyans who are nnot in jail during their cases?

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