International Justice Monitor

A project of the Open Society Justice Initiative

ICC Makes Progress on Reparations for Victims in Lubanga Case

On October 21, 2016, Trial Chamber II of the International Criminal Court (ICC) approved and gave the Trust Fund for Victims (Trust Fund) the go-ahead to implement its plan on symbolic collective reparations in relation to the Thomas Lubanga case. The significance of this decision will not be lost on victims who have followed and participated in this process.

This step forward comes after a long wait by victims. Lubanga, whose trial began in 2009, was convicted and sentenced by the ICC in 2012. Judges held Lubanga responsible for the war crime of enlisting and conscripting children under the age of 15 years and using them to participate actively in hostilities in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) between July 2002 … Continue Reading

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La CPI fait des progrès sur les réparations versées aux victimes dans l’affaire Lubanga

Le 21 octobre 2016, la Chambre de première instance II de la Cour pénale internationale (CPI) a approuvé et donné au Fonds au profit des victimes le feu vert pour mettre en œuvre son plan sur les réparations collectives symboliques dans l’affaire Thomas Lubanga. La signification de cette décision ne sera pas ignorée par les victimes qui ont suivi et participé à cette procédure.

Cette avancée a lieu après une très longue attente des victimes. M. Lubanga, dont le procès a débuté en 2009, a été reconnu coupable et condamné par la CPI en 2012. Les juges tiennent M. Lubanga pour responsable des crimes de guerre de recrutement et de conscription d’enfants de moins de 15 ans ainsi que de les avoir utiliser pour participer activement … Continue Reading

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Quelques Considerations Critiques sur les Reparations au Profit des Victimes dans l’Affaire contre Thomas Lubanga a la CPI

Cet article est écrit par le professeur Serge Makaya, Docteur en droit, Université Aix-Marseille, Professeur des universités (Université de Kinshasa, Université Protestante au Congo, Université Catholique du Congo), Avocat, Président du centre national de recherche sur la justice transitionnelle, plusieurs fois conseiller juridique au ministère  de la justice et droits humains. Les vues exprimées dans ce commentaire ne représentent pas nécessairement celles d’Open Society Justice Initiative.

Le 7 août 2012, la Chambre de première instance I de la Cour pénale internationale (CPI) s’est prononcée sur les réparations dues aux victimes dans l’affaire le Procureur contre Thomas Lubanga Dyilo.

Cette Chambre, ayant constaté préalablement l’insolvabilité du condamné, a ordonné au Fonds au profit des victimes de recueillir, auprès des victimes les propositions en matière … Continue Reading

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Critical Considerations Regarding Reparations in the Thomas Lubanga Case at the ICC

This article is written by Professor Serge Makaya, a professor of law at the University of Kinshasa, Protestant University of Congo, and Catholic University of Congo. Professor Makaya is a lawyer, president of the National Research Center on Transitional Justice, and has served as a legal adviser to the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights. He received his law degeree from Université Aix-Marseille.  The views expressed here do not necessarily represent the views of the Open Society Justice Initiative.

On August 7, 2012, Trial Chamber I of the International Criminal Court (ICC) issued a decision on the reparations due to victims in the case of the prosecutor against Thomas Lubanga Dyilo.

This chamber, having previously noted the insolvency of the convicted … Continue Reading

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Waiting, Waiting, and More Waiting for Reparations in the Lubanga Case

Gaelle Carayon is the Post Conflict Policy Advisor at REDRESS. The views and opinions expressed here do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of the Open Society Justice Initiative.  

On February 9, 2016,  Trial Chamber II of the International Criminal Court (ICC), which is overseeing the reparation phase in the case of Thomas Lubanga, decided that a draft reparation plan submitted to it by the Trust Fund for Victims (Trust Fund or Fund) in November 2015 was incomplete and cannot be implemented.  The trial chamber requested the Trust Fund to submit the missing information at regular intervals with the final submission due on December 31, 2016. The Trust Fund is now seeking to appeal this order.

This new delay is a severe … Continue Reading

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Reconsidering Lubanga’s Sentence: Views from Ituri

The following commentary was written by Olivia Bueno of the International Refugee Rights Initiative (IRRI), in consultation with Congolese activists. The views and opinions expressed here do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of IRRI or of the Open Society Justice Initiative.

On August 21, 2015, the International Criminal Court (ICC) heard arguments about whether or not to release Thomas Lubanga, the first person to be convicted by the court. As required under Article 110 of the Rome Statute, the ICC will review Lubanga’s sentence now that two-thirds of it has been served. The prospect of Lubanga’s release has been met with reactions ranging from despair and frustration to satisfaction, depending on who you ask.

As this is the first hearing … Continue Reading

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Lubanga Pleads With ICC Judges for Early Release

Convicted Congolese political leader Thomas Lubanga has pleaded with International Criminal Court (ICC) judges to grant him early release, promising to promote reconciliation and announcing plans to do doctoral studies into the psycho-sociological determinants of conflicts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

Mr. Lubanga made the appeal before a panel of judges that will determine whether his 14-year prison sentence can be reduced. He states that throughout the 12 years he has been in detention, first in the DRC and then at the ICC, his thoughts have been with the people of the Ituri district, with whom he said he endured a painful history, beginning with a massacre in 1999.

“I offer my sincere apologies for all victims for the … Continue Reading

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Will ICC Judges Grant Lubanga Early Release?

On August 21, 2015, the International Criminal Court (ICC) will hear arguments about whether to grant Thomas Lubanga early release from imprisonment. In March 2012, Trial Chamber judges found Lubanga guilty of the enlistment, conscription, and use of children under the age of 15 for combat purposes during the conflict in the Ituri region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). He was sentenced to a total of 14 years of imprisonment. Both his conviction and sentence were upheld on appeal in December 2014.

A three-judge panel of the Appeals Chamber will decide whether Lubanga must serve his full sentence or if he can return to DRC after completing two-thirds of his sentence. Lubanga, the former leader of the Union … Continue Reading

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Appeals Chamber Decision on Reparations in the Lubanga Case

Dear Readers,

The following commentary first ran in a Special Issue of Legal Eye on the ICC, a regular eLetter produced by the Women’s Initiatives for Gender Justice, an international women’s human rights organization that advocates for gender justice through the International Criminal Court (ICC) and works with women most affected by the conflict situations under investigation by the ICC. The views and opinions expressed here do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of the Open Society Justice Initiative. To read the full version of the Legal Eye eLetter, click here.

On March 3, 2015, the Appeals Chamber,[i] Judge Anita Ušacka dissenting,[ii] issued its first Judgment on reparations in the Lubanga case (Appeals Chamber Reparations Judgment or Judgment).[iii] The Judgment follows … Continue Reading

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Voices from the Ground: Reactions to Final Lubanga Judgment

The below transcript is from a program on Radio Canal Revelation, a radio station based in Bunia, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The program is part of the radio station’s Interactive Radio for Justice and Peace Project, which promotes discussion on critical issues around justice in DRC. Following the December 1, 2014 appeals judgment of Thomas Lubanga upholding his conviction and sentence, the program hosted a call-in show to get reactions from listeners about the judgment. This transcript has been edited to remove non-relevant information.

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Presenter (Didyne Uweka):  Welcome dear listeners, you’re following us from around the world. Today, we are going to present a special program that is part of the Interactive Radio for Justice and Peace Project.

On December … Continue Reading

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