International Justice Monitor

A project of the Open Society Justice Initiative

Lawyers Want More Victims to Benefits from Lubanga Reparations

Lawyers representing victims in Thomas Lubanga’s case are planning to appeal against an order by International Criminal Court (ICC) judges that set the former Congolese rebel leader’s financial liability for reparations at US$ 10 million. The lawyers say judges excluded “a significant number” of victims who participated in the proceedings against Lubanga and whom the Trust Fund for Victims (TFV) had already designated as eligible for reparations.

Victims’ lawyers Luc Walleyn and Franck Mulenda argue that, in the December 15, 2017 decision, the judges not only determined the overall size of the reparations award against Lubanga, but also determined which victims would be eligible for the collective reparations that the Trust Fund would implement.

“The decision specifies that the 425 victims who … Continue Reading

Leave a comment

Lubanga to Appeal US$ 10 Million Reparations Award to Victims

Thomas Lubanga is seeking to appeal the International Criminal Court (ICC) order that set his financial liability for reparations to victims of his crimes at US$ 10 million. The former Congolese rebel leader argues that this amount is excessive and contests the eligibility of several victims to receive reparations.

Defense lawyer Catherine Mabille says that in assessing the extent of damage and loss and injury to victims, judges erroneously included several ineligible victims, including “hundreds, if not thousands” of unidentified individuals who had not applied to the court for reparations.

She contends that the US$ 10 million award does not reflect Lubanga’s criminal responsibility and further argues that it was erroneous for the award to exceed the US$ 6 million which victims’ … Continue Reading

Leave a comment

Lubanga’s Financial Liability for Reparations Set at US$ 10 Million

Today, International Criminal Court (ICC) judges issued a decision setting the amount of Thomas Lubanga’s financial liability for reparations to victims of his crimes at US$ 10 million.

This liability is the highest judges at the court have placed on an individual – 10 times that of former Congolese rebel leader Germain Katanga’s, which was set at US$ 1 million. Malian national Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi, who was convicted for attacking religious and historical monuments, was issued a reparations liability of €2.7 million (US$ 3.18 million).

In a ruling delivered this morning, judges Marc Perrin de Brichambaut (Presiding), Olga Herrera Carbuccia, and Péter Kovács noted that the scope of a convicted person’s liability is proportionate to the harm caused and, among other things, … Continue Reading

Leave a comment

La responsabilité financière de M. Lubanga fixée à 10 millions de dollars US

Aujourd’hui, les juges de la Cour pénale internationale (CPI) ont rendu une décision fixant le montant de la responsabilité financière de M. Lubanga pour les réparations aux victimes de ses crimes à 10 millions de dollars US.

Cette responsabilité est la plus élevée que les juges de la Cour aient attribué à une personne, soit 10 fois celle de l’ancien chef rebelle congolais Germain Katanga, qui avait été fixée à 1 million de dollars US.
Le citoyen malien Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi, qui a été condamné pour avoir attaqué des monuments historiques et religieux, s’est vu attribué une responsabilité de réparation de 2,7 millions d’euros (soit 3,18 millions de dollars US).

Dans une décision rendue ce matin, les juges Marc Perrin de Brichambaut (juge président), Olga Herrera Carbuccia et Péter … Continue Reading

Leave a comment

Judges to Pronounce Lubanga’s Financial Liability for Reparations

This Friday, International Criminal Court (ICC) judges will declare the financial liability that former Congolese rebel leader Thomas Lubanga will bear in reparation to victims of his crimes. In the only case at the court in which judges have made such a ruling, they determined that former militia leader Germain Katanga – also Congolese – bears a financial liability of US$ 1 million.

Lubanga, the first person tried by the ICC, was convicted in March 2012 of the war crimes of conscripting and enlisting children under the age of 15 years and using them in armed conflict in Congo’s Ituri district during 2002 and 2003, and he was handed a 14-year prison term. In December 2014, the ICC Appeals Chamber, by … Continue Reading

Leave a comment

Les juges devraient se prononcer sur la responsabilité financière de M. Lubanga pour les réparations

Ce vendredi, les juges de la Cour pénale internationale (CPI) se prononceront sur la responsabilité financière que l’ancien chef rebelle congolais Thomas Lubanga portera en réparations aux victimes de ses crimes. Il s’agit de la seule affaire jugée par la Cour dans laquelle les juges aient émis ce type de décision, ils ont décidé que l’ancien chef de milice Germain Katanga, également congolais, porte une responsabilité financière de 1 million de dollars US.

Lubanga, la première personne jugée par la CPI, a été reconnu coupable en mars 2012 des crimes de guerre de circonscription et d’enrôlement d’enfants de moins de 15 ans et pour les avoir utilisé dans un conflit armé qui s’est déroulé dans le district de l’Ituri, au Congo, en 2002 et … Continue Reading

Leave a comment

Les juges refusent une nouvelle fois de diminuer la peine de M. Lubanga prononcée devant la CPI

Les juges de la Cour pénale internationale (CPI) ont une nouvelle fois refusé de diminuer la peine prononcée à l’encontre de l’ancien chef rebelle congolais Thomas Lubanga qui purge actuellement une peine de prison de 14 ans. M. Lubanga, la première personne à être jugée par la Cour, a été condamnée en 2012 pour l’utilisation d’enfants soldats dans un conflit armé dans l’est de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC).

Plus tôt dans le mois, les juges Silvia Fernández de Gurmendi, Howard Morrison et Piotr Hofmański avaient décidé que depuis l’examen initial de la peine il y a deux ans, il n’y avait pas eu de modification significative des circonstances permettant de justifier une libération anticipée de M. Lubanga.

De plus, les juges ont déclaré … Continue Reading

Leave a comment

Judges Again Decline to Reduce Lubanga’s ICC Sentence

International Criminal Court (ICC) judges have once again declined to reduce the sentence for former Congolese rebel leader Thomas Lubanga, who is currently serving a 14-year prison term. Lubanga, the first person to be tried by the court, was convicted in 2012 over the use of child soldiers in an armed conflict in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

Earlier this month, Judges Silvia Fernández de Gurmendi, Howard Morrison, and Piotr Hofmański determined that since the initial review of the sentence two years ago, there had been no significant change in circumstances to warrant Lubanga’s early release.

Furthermore, the judges stated that they saw no reason to schedule a further review of Lubanga’s sentence, given that it expires on March 15, 2020. … Continue Reading

Leave a comment

ICC Prosecutor, Victims Continue to Oppose Lubanga’s Early Release

The prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) has opposed a possible early release for Thomas Lubanga, the first person convicted by the court, who is currently serving a 14-year prison sentence. Similarly, the victims of Lubanga’s crimes have asked judges not to shorten his jail term.

In a submission to the ICC appeals chamber considering a possible reduction of the sentence, prosecutor Fatou Bensouda stated that Lubanga does not deserve early release. “The gravity of the crimes for which he was convicted—the enlistment, recruitment, and use of children under the age of 15 to participate in hostilities, which exploited the vulnerability of the victims—require that he serves the full term of his 14-year sentence. He should remain in detention,” stated … Continue Reading

Leave a comment

ICC Lifts Restrictions on Lubanga’s Communications and Visits

International Criminal Court (ICC) judges have withdrawn the restrictions they had imposed on war crimes convict Thomas Lubanga’s communications and visits. The judges found that Lubanga currently presents little risk of interfering with witnesses in the trial of fellow Congolese national Bosco Ntaganda.

Lubanga, who is serving what remains of his 14-year sentence from a jail in his home country of the Democratic Republic of Congo, had restrictions placed upon him in June 2015 after he was implicated in interfering with witnesses in Ntaganda’s trial. Lubanga and Ntaganda served in the armed group known as the Union of Congolese Patriots (UPC) as a commander-in-chief and a deputy chief, respectively.

Besides imposing restrictions on Lubanga’s contacts, judges also ordered active monitoring of his … Continue Reading

Leave a comment